Conservation and restoration activities

The restoration activities are the core of the LIFE + JunEx project and they aim to apply the studies and guidelines that have been outlined in activities A.3, A.4, A.5 and A.6.

Action C1: Implementation of silvicultural measures

This activity concerns the implementation of the guidelines and the technical study for restoration works as outlined in activities A.3 and A.5 respectively. The main procedures involve logging broadleaved trees and shrubs over a total area of 180 hectares. It includes the management of pre-marking which trees are to be cut, communication with forestry co-operatives and supervision of logging and all related works, such as the transfer of timber. The effectiveness of this activity is monitored through activities D.1 and D.2.

December 2016-Action Progress

Τhree sets of silvicultural treatments are foreseen in this action with the three of them to have been completed covering an area of 120 hectares. The third phase is currently progressing and expected to be completed in the beginning of the coming spring. The timber produced is distributed, by the Forestry Department of Florina, to the residents of the area.


Action C2: Conservation works and construction of grazing infrastructure

One of the main purposes of the LIFE+ JunEx project is to reintroduce livestock farming in the area so that sheep and goat flocks can be used to control the encroachment of broadleaved species. This re-introduction necessitates the building and maintenance of livestock farming infrastructure under the guidelines and technical study produced in activities A.3 and A.5.

Specifically the project provides for:

1. The construction of a new open water storage tank and the maintenance of an existing tank.

2. The construction of a shelter for the temporary stabling of livestock.

3. The enclosure of important areas of juniper woods.

4. The clearing of refuse and dead organic material such as dry twigs and branches from juniper woods in order to prevent wildfires.

Action C3:Restoration through production, planting and maintenance of seedlings

This action activity involved the gradual collection of 15,000 seeds, the production of seedlings based on the specifications defined in under A.4 and the planting, monitoring and irrigation of the seedlings. The production of good quality seedlings was considered very important, in order for artificial regeneration to serve as an effective method for the successful restoration of juniper woods, and consequently of the habitat type *9562. The results of the preparatory action A4 demonstrated constraints for the large scale production of seedlings, owing to the low viability of embryos and proposed alternative for the implementation of actions, such as sowing of pre-treated seeds in order to create a seed bank of Juniperus excelsa, along with the planting of a smaller number of seedling produced in the laboratory.

December 2016 - Action progress

Seed sowing for the regeneration of the junipers forest have already taken place according to the revised plan, while produced seedlings in the laboratory were planted and fenced on site in November 2016. The action is in progress with the irrigation of plants, as well as the monitoring of the regeneration success (monitoring to be undertaken under Action D2).

September 2017 – Completion of action

In June 2017 the final report of the action was completed, which summarizes all treatments and activities undertaken during the LIFE JunEx project. Irrigation of seedlings continued untin September 2017. The results of seed sowing and seedling planting activities are presented in the final report of Action D2.